Tiny exports signal big shifts in cancer tissue, researchers find

Microscopic shifts in metabolism and increases in tiny transport vesicles out of tumor cells preface larger changes to the tumor environment and could prepare the way for cancerous cells to spread and metastasize, University of Illinois researchers report. They saw cancer-causing biological events at both the molecular and tissue scales as they happened, imaging the … Read more…

Novel buffer-layer design results in room-temperature mid-IR InAs laser made on InP

Researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have demonstrated the first room-temperature lattice-mismatched indium arsenide (InAs) quantum-well laser grown on an indium phosphide (InP) substrate. Their laser emits light at a wavelength (2.75µm) that is typically only achievable using the more expensive substrate gallium antimonide (GaSb). In order to build their laser on InP, … Read more…

Tool to map gene’s ‘social network’ sheds light on function, interactions and drug efficacy

Although the human genome has been mapped, many questions remain about how genes are regulated, how they interact with one another, and what function some genes serve. A new tool developed by researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology distills the huge amount of genomic data into gene … Read more…

Curiosity, communication, and collaboration key to new LabEscape “Escape Room”

It’s up to you and your team to save the free world from evil forces plotting its destruction, and you have precisely 60 minutes to do it. You must find out what happened to Professor Schrödenberg, a University of Illinois physicist who disappeared after developing a top-secret quantum computer that can crack any digital-security encryption … Read more…

Illinois team advances GaN-on-Silicon technology toward scalable high electron mobility transistors

A team of researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign has advanced gallium nitride (GaN)-on-silicon transistor technology by optimizing the composition of the semiconductor layers that make up the device. Working with industry partners Veeco and IBM, the team created the high electron mobility transistor (HEMT) structure on a 200 mm silicon substrate with … Read more…

Quantum simulation technique yields topological soliton state in SSH model

Topological insulators, an exciting, relatively new class of materials, are capable of carrying electricity along the edge of the surface, while the bulk of the material acts as an electrical insulator. Practical applications for these materials are still mostly a matter of theory, as scientists probe their microscopic properties to better understand the fundamental physics … Read more…

Robots that can read your mind a breakthrough for manufacturing

Those who wish others could read their minds will enjoy a breakthrough technology out of the lab of Thenkurussi (Kesh) Kesavadas. The professor of Industrial and Enterprise Systems Engineering at the University of Illinois and his team have used brain computer interface (BCI) to control a robot (watch demonstration). In its third year of funding, … Read more…

Graphene quantum dots hold promise in reducing waste CO2

Graphene quantum dots may offer a simple way to recycle waste carbon dioxide into valuable fuel rather than release it into the atmosphere or bury it underground, according to new research published by an international collaboration of scientists. “If we can convert a sizable fraction of the carbon dioxide that is emitted, we could curb … Read more…

Illinois researchers work to improve the materials lifecycle

When most living creatures get hurt, they can self-heal and recover from the injury. But, when damage occurs to inanimate objects, they don’t have that same ability and typically either lose functionality or have their useful lifecycle reduced. Researchers at the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign … Read more…